Theorizing Communication & Media Arts


Our final paper assignment required us to demonstrate our critical thinking and writing skills and our understanding of the contemporary forms of communication in which we covered throughout the course. The purpose of the assignment was to also demonstrate our understanding of Stuart Hall’s encoding/decoding model in combination with our readings. My paper examined the theme of female anti-hero characters in the modern television landscape in the context of Stuart Hall’s (1973) “Encoding and Decoding” model, John Ellis’ “Television Production” (2004) essay, and Theodore Adorno’s theory of standardization in his essay “On Popular Music” (2009). The characters I focused on included Annalise Keating from ABC’s How to Get Away with Murder, Cookie Lyon from Fox’s Empire, and Amy Jellicoe from HBO’s Enlightened.


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Montclair State University